2- Breastfeeding your new baby ...Breast milk provides all the nutrients that babies need for the first six months of their life and guards against many illnesses and allergies. Also, breastfeeding can help build a special closeness with your baby. Breastfeeding is one of the best things you can do for your baby. ||Every milestone is an accomplishment, but it means your child is more independent and needs you a little less ||Make sure your baby wears a hat if she will be in a cold environment ||During growth spurts - around 6 weeks after birth — your newborn might want to be fed more often ||Don't let your baby nap in the car seat after you're home as a substitute for crib since it's harder for young babies to breathe in that position. ||Proper weight gain is the sign that your baby is having enough milk. Not crying and not comparing with other kids ||Don’t rush into solving your kid's problems. Give him the chance to conclude, all on his own, that things are going to be okay. ||Infants raised on breast milk tend to score higher on tests of mental development than those on formula ||Set aside time for your partner and share what's happening in each other's life ||Exclusive breastfeeding for at least 6 months is the best prevention of food allergies ||
Early Exposure to Peanuts Could Prevent Allergies: new study suggests

 

March 2015


A new study suggests that peanut allergy can be prevented at a young age by embracing peanuts, not avoiding them. Eating peanut products as a baby significantly reduces the risk of developing the allergy by 80% in high-risk infants, a study in the New England Journal of Medicine suggests. Peanuts are one of the leading causes of food allergy reaction and can be fatal.

The trial was designed to examine two groups — children who had negative results on the peanut skin-prick test at enrollment (nonsensitized) and those who had “mild” sensitization at enrollment (wheals with mean diameters of 1 to 4 mm in response to the test). In these two groups the results on the prevalence of peanut allergy were equally striking.

Among the children who initially had a negative result on the skin-prick test, the prevalence of peanut allergy was 13.7% in the avoidance group and 1.9% in the consumption group, and among those who had mild sensitization the prevalence was 35.3% in the avoidance group versus 10.6% in the consumption group. Thus, early consumption was effective not only in high-risk infants who showed no indication of peanut sensitivity at study entry (primary prevention) but also in infants who had slight peanut sensitivity (secondary prevention).

Can these results cause the guidelines to be changed? The study makes it clear that we can do something now to reverse the increasing prevalence of peanut allergy. In the meantime, any infant between 4 months and 8 months of age believed to be at risk for peanut allergy should undergo skin-prick testing for peanut. If the test results are negative, the child should be started on a diet that includes 2 g of peanut protein three times a week for at least 3 years, and if the results are positive but show mild sensitivity (i.e., the wheal measures 4 mm or less), the child should undergo a food challenge in which peanut is administered and the child's response observed by a physician who has experience performing a food challenge.
 

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